digitaldingus Reference

Digital Photography Definitions

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September 30, 2015

Term Definition
VR (Nikon) Vibration Reduction. This is Nikon's nomenclature for a lens which has the ability to correct for "Camera Shake". The latest Nikon lenses having the VR designation offers the equivalent of using a shutter speed 3-stops faster, because internal sensors detect motion on the X and Y, or vertical (V) and horizontal (H) axes. For example, shooting in low-light under 1/60sec can be done quite easily.
White Balance Making your photos appear as close to "white" and neutral. WB is the process of adjusting the color based on a particular lighting situation, so that the colorcast of the scene, is accurately represented in the image taken from the camera. For example, tungsten/incandescent lighting requires a setting of around 3000K. Typical lighting in homes has a warm, amber colorcast to it due to the commonality of tungsten lightbulbs. In order to neutralize this color, and make it more "white", a lower temperature setting is used. If you had an image that appeared blueish or "cold", you would want to "warm it up", by selecting a higher temp to compensate.
xD eXtreme digital. With the age of texting and using characters to convey emotion on our portable devices, if you were to ask somebody today what xD was, they'd reply to the effect of Anime fans using this term because it conveys squinting eyes and a wide-open mouth, laughing (you'd have to see a few Anime productions to understand).
Olympus Optical, FujiFilm, and Toshiba created this successor to the SmartMedia format. xD is measured at 25mm (W) x 20mm (H), and 1.7mm thick. xD became available in late 2002. As expected, xD is used in almost all Olympus cameras, and several Fuji cameras. Unfortunately, xD is taking the same slow inevitable death that SM did only a few years ago. The major reason? Cross-Platform compatability. xD was engineered for mainly cameras, and this was a big mistake. SD will most likely be the dominant micro-media choice. Currently, SD and CF cards cost less by at least 50% of xD media. If you're a company that wants a media format to take hold, be darn sure your media is not so proprietary, that others can't make it or use it in their digital devices. for more information on xD cards, please visit FujiFilm's Website and the Olympus America website. Unfortunately, I cannot guarantee how long the Olympus link will be valid. If the link no longer works, be sure to contact me.
Shown below are Olympus cameras which take xD cards.


EVOLT E-510, EVOLT E-500, EVOLT E-410, EVOLT E-330, EVOLT E-300, E-620, E-600, E-520, E-420, E-30, E-3, E-20, E-100RS, E-10, E-1


C-8080 Wide Zoom, C-770 Ultra Zoom, C-765 Ultra Zoom, C-760 Ultra Zoom, C-755 Ultra Zoom, C-750 Ultra Zoom, C-740 Ultra Zoom, C-730 Ultra Zoom, C-725 Ultra Zoom, C-720 Ultra Zoom, C-7070 Wide Zoom, C-7000 Zoom, C-700 Ultra Zoom, C-60 Zoom, C-5500 Zoom, C-5060 Wide Zoom, C-5050 Zoom, C-5000 Zoom, C-50 Zoom, C-4040 Zoom, C-4000 Zoom, C-3040 Zoom, C-3030 Zoom, C-3020 Zoom, C-3000 Zoom, C-2500L, C-2100 ULTRA Zoom, C-2040 Zoom, C-2020 Zoom, C-2000 Zoom


D-630 Zoom, D-620L, D-600L, D-595 Zoom, D-590 Zoom, D-580 Zoom, D-575 Zoom, D-565 Zoom, D-560 Zoom, D-555 Zoom, D-550 Zoom, D-545 Zoom, D-540 Zoom, D-535 Zoom, D-520 Zoom, D-510 Zoom, D-500L, D-490 Zoom, D-460 Zoom, D-450 Zoom, D-435, D-425, D-400 Zoom, D-40 Zoom, D-395, D-390, D-380, D-370, D-360L, D-340R, D-340L, D-320L, D-300L, D-230, D-220L, D-150 Zoom, D-100


SP-700, SP-590UZ, SP-565 UZ, SP-560 UZ, SP-550 UZ, SP-510 UZ, SP-500 UZ, SP-350, SP-320, SP-310


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